Saturday, August 22, 2009

Photography Record



Chapter I
Objective: To learn the basics of photography
Introduction
What is Photography? What is manual photography? What is digital photography? The digital revolution. History and essentials of photography. Classification:SLR and DSLR, Pixels. Image size, weight and resolution.
Chapter II
Objective: To identify camera and its parts
Manual Camera Features
     Manual Camera FM 10 and its parts. Explain the features with a diagram      Professional cameras: automatic and manual controls.
    Film, Types of Film and features
    Electrical Power. Battery types, use of Flash
    Types of manual camera (brands) in the market
Camera Adjustments
    Vision systems. Lenses. Pros and cons of Wide angle, Normal and Telephoto lenses. Zoom.
    Diaphragm, speed, shutter and sensitivity: concepts and operation modes.
    Focus: manual and autofocus.
Digital Camera Features
     Digital Camera Nikon D 40 and its parts .Explain the features with a diagram
    Classification:  Professional cameras: automatic and manual controls.
    The Sensor: a keystone in digital cameras. CCD and CMOS sensors: different technologies.
    Light sensitivity. Colour images.
    Storage devices: Memory cards.
    Electrical Power. Battery types.
    The built-in flash: preset modes.
    Digital Camera Adjustments
    Vision systems. Lenses. Pros and cons of Wide angle, Normal and Telephoto lenses. Zoom.
    Diaphragm, speed, shutter and sensitivity: concepts and operation modes.
    Focus: manual and autofocus.
    Photometer: What is a photometer and how it works. Preset modes.
    Types of digital cameras (brands) in the market
Practical Exercise: Camera recognition: Different parts of a camera, loading film, unloading, film, memory card, connecting to the PC
Chapter III
Objective: To analyze the scene and compose images professionally
COMPOSITION
How to hold a camera - vertical or horizontal format
Rule of thirds
Bird’s eye view
Worm’s eye view
Leading lines
Central composition
Use of strong angles to enhance photo - e.g. to gain perspective
Use of horizon line to create space
Subject up close
Subject in distance
Intimate and panoramic views
Three different views before the shutter button is pushed.
The background
Chapter IV
Objective: To understand use of Shutter speed 
SHUTTER SPEED
Use of fast shutter speed
Use of slow shutter speed
Use of T setting and B setting
Panning of an object
Use of zoom lens to record object moving toward photographer
Shutter speed and its relationship to aperture and film speed (ISO)
Correct Exposure: What is the relation between diaphragm, speed and sensitivity? Exposure, compensation and Selective measurement.
Under exposed
Over exposed
Chapter V
Objective: To understand use of Aperture 
APERTURE
What is aperture?
Relationship to the shutter speed
Relationship to ISO
f-stops
Depth of field scale
Minimum depth of field.
Maximum depth of field.
Chapter VI
Objective: To understand the various aspects of Light in Photography
Light
Natural Light
Artificial Light
Chapter VII
Objective: To understand the concept of indoor shooting by way of controlling light
THE STUDIO
Photographs can be made in the studio - this can be indoors or outdoors and is a way of controlling light.
Use of lighting to create mood
Strong lighting and soft lighting
Reflectors
Mirrors
Projected images or shadows on subject
Use of flash
Chapter VIII
Objective: To learn the basic concepts of Photojournalism and news photography
Photojournalism Brief
Use of Photographs in newspapers and magazines
Chapter IX
Objectives: To learn Image Correction, Editing printing and Special effects on digital Photographs.
Use of Software in Photography, Photoshop, Merging, Montage, Collage
Different output media for publishing photos and long-lasting photos storage
Camera-to-PC downloads.
TV and DVD connection wire.
Various File Formats. Image and file size.
Chapter X
Objective : To learn the creative ways of photography
Creativity in Photography
Practical exercises
Format
Vertical format
Horizontal format
Rule of Composition
Rule of thirds
Golden Mean
Perspective in composition
Bird’s eye view
Worm’s eye view
Leading lines
Central composition
Use of strong angles to enhance photo - e.g. to gain perspective
Framing in Composition
Use of horizon line to create space
Subject up close
Subject in distance
Intimate view
Panoramic views
Use of creative frames
Depth of field in Composition
Minimum DOF
Maximum DOF
Subject Movement/Action Photography
Freezing Obvious Motion Normal shutter speed
Blurring Motion Slow shutter speed
Panned Movement slow shutter speed
Colours
Single colour
Two colour
Three colour
Four colour
Patterns
Pattern 1
Pattern 2
Pattern 3 
Pattern 4
Structural Lines
Vertical lines
Horizontal lines
Diagonal lines
Conjuctive Lines (without actual lines imply lines)
Product Photography
Fashion Product
Household Product
Electronic Product
Industrial Product
Architecture Photography
Interior of building
Exterior of building
Portrait Photography
Head Alone
Head and Shoulders
Head, Shoulders and Mid
Full Length
Light in Photography
Use of lighting to create mood
Strong lighting and soft lighting
Shadows-Interior
Shadows-Exterior
Silhouette
Use of flash
Digital and scanned photographs: Image Correction
Healing old Photographs 
Merging Photographs
Infusing light into an underexposed photograph
Defusing light from an underexposed photograph
Editing and printing digital photos: Special effects on digital photos
Special effect 1
Special effect 2
Special effect 3
Special effect 4
Colour Calibration
Add color to a B&W photo
Subtract colour from a B&W photo
Creative Corner (unlimited)
1. Explore forms which have contrast - g, size, pattern, or texture. Example - outside of a capsicum vs. inside.
2. Shoot still life arrangements which explore the concept of human presence. Example - the dining table with the used plates remaining.
3. Use montage techniques to create a surreal composition juxtaposing contrasting concepts. Example - old and new, horror and laughter, shinning and dull.
4. Develop ideas a still life which you can construct/ fabricate which deals with the theme
Still there is Life. Example - a fabricated city scene with oversized plants, or human accessories.

Students should submit a record containing original works done by them. Each photograph taken should be neatly displayed with the following attributes
  • Type of camera used
  • Type of film
  • Conditions of shoot - time of day, brightness of day, subject in shade etc.
  • Shutter speed
  • Aperture reading

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